While the three atlantic free trade reproduction, CETA, TTIP and tisa are controversially discussed, is the free trade forwarder between the EU and the states of africa of the veil of the desinteress – also offers the economic partnership agreement (EPA) for criticism vulture
The aim of free trade contracts is the maximum deregulation of the market and a possible comprehensive privatization. You want to give the market the priority before state-owned ways. Unlike the free trade with america, the unilateral advantage for the EU’s countries is hard to look at EPA: they serve rather the EU’s interests in free access to the raw materials of africa and a free access to european corporations to african market than the common good in african states and remember a bit of the history of the joint venture between a pig and a chicken for the production of "ham and egg", where it goes to the pig to the substance.
What should change?
In the past, numerous african countries received duty-free market access to the EU and had through the collection of protection tariffs or the establishment of import quotas for their own economy, the possibility to build a lifelike and stable economy in their countries. The epas want to make up and request free trade with these options before establishing a stable economic catch in the african states.
Since 2004, the EU has been invading numerous african states as part of the so-called ACP countries (group of the african, caribbean and pacific states) at the end of the EPO free trade agreements. But the affected african states always realized that a free trade agreement with the EU has worsened their position rather than improved.
Although african producers can benefit from the subsidized import of modern machines or dungem means, but at the same time the construction of their own industry is prevented in these areas. The african countries can not compete with an economy like the german. This leads to the fact that the free trade and EU imports existing industries are dangered and future industries do not even arise because they are exposed to the EU economy.
Trading liberalization offers one-sided benefits for europe
The EU countries benefit from the fact that the african states must delete their import tariff for over 80% of the goods and no export rolles are raised on raw materials.
However, for the african countries, the desired trade facilities bring several fundamental problems with themselves:
The industrial sectors still under construction in africa have not grown the EU competition. European goods that can be produced significantly cheaper, the african market surfaces were allowed to destroy the local competition and choke the development of new companies already in the germ. The transformation of the economy of the extraction of raw materials towards the manufacturing industry is braked. This is also forced by the ban on export rolls on raw materials, which takes the african states the possibility to demand value chip in the country. The lack of competitiveness of the african states leads to decreasing exchange rates. The elimination of import tariff gives the affected states significant loss of income and will allow the punch to grow dramatically in the state households.
Through the most commencement clauses anchored in all tolerates, the african states are forced to automatically bring about any trade advantages that they would have to grant another partner in the future also also to the EU. The primarily serves that china can not provide benefits in trade in africa.
15 states of the west african economic community (ecowas) and mauritania have on 10. July 2014, an EPO launched with the EU. On 22. July 2014 followed another EPO with six states of the sadial africa (SADC) and in october of the same year, the members of the east african community (EAC with kenya, rwanda, burundi, tanzania and uganda) signed an economic agreement with the EU.
How did the resistance of african states overwound?
The african states, who had long resisted against the epas, the pistol was put on the chest. It was ultimately threatened with the withdrawal of duty freedom when not signing the EPAS. In the next level, crushed crushed by the european side, which caused very quickly visible in africa. Who’s wife that 90 percent of kenya’s floral exports go to europe, sees the explosive of these macers. After feed manufacturers, farmers and handlers slipped into the bankruptcy and lost numerous workplaces, the resistance was quickly broken.